Introductions were given by:
Dr. Sarah Ossiya, Consultant Pastoral Investment Initiative, AU-IBAR, African Union, Kenya
Mr. David Nkedianye, ex-ILRI and now director of Reto-o-Reto from Kenya
Mr. Michael Odhiambo, Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE), Kenya
Mrs. Ann Waters-Bayer, ETC Ecoculture
June 9, 2011, Presentations and lectures in The Hague, starting at 12.00h
12.00 – 14.00 uur: Lunch: lecture and discussion at the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture & Innovation, The Hague
14.30 – 16.30 uur: Lecture and discussion at the ISS, Institute of Social Studies, Kortenaerkade 12, 2518 AX Den Haag, 070 4260460. Introductions by Professor Mohamed Salih (ISS), chaired by Professor Ton Dietz (Professor of Human Geography at the University of Amsterdam and director of the African Studies Centre and Professor in African Development at Leyden University.)
17.00 – 19.00 uur: Vijverbergsessie, Chaired by professor Ton Dietz
More on the theme:
Livestock keeping in African drylands
Facts and potentials
- In Sub-Sahara Africa 70mi people live from livestock keeping in (semi-)arid rangelands, of which 20mi in East Africa. They include age old cultures such as the Masaai and the Turkana.
- The common perception is that pastoralists exist at subsistence levels. That is not true. They are closely integrated in the national and regional economies through input, output and processing value chains. In Kenya alone, the sector is worth €550mi a year.
- Pastoralism is a highly rational and efficient land-use system, ideally suited to preserve the natural resource base and to ensure high productivity from environmental variability and climate change, while adding value from marginal lands.
- Pastoralism has immense potential value for additionally contributing to food security, poverty reduction and sustainable economic development, particularly in an increasingly climate constrained world.
- Widespread misunderstanding of pastoralism has left the sector undervalued, making it an (unintended) victim of uninformed policy. Thus, instead of harnessing this huge asset, millions of pastoralists risk being trapped in a cycle of poverty, conflict and environmental degradation.
- Needed is an approach based on the market and good governance approach, which recognizes and harnesses the livestock sector’s actual and potential contribution to food security, poverty reduction and sustainable development; and which recognizes the legitimacy and rationale of pastoralists’ institutions for managing variability and unpredictability to secure its resource base and to increase the resource use efficiency in the sector value chains.
Undervalued and victim of uninformed policy
- provides employment , income, and an insurance and savings mechanism to millions of people;
- generates economic value through marketed products such as milk, livestock, hides, leather and raw material inputs through various supply chains;
- produces indirect economic value for agriculture (manure, draught power) and tourism as well as various environmental values. Unlike agriculture, pastoralism is very well able to coexist with wildlife and it has shaped the environment that today supports huge populations of wildlife that form the backbone of East African tourism.
- Secure access to pastures and water, to provide an enabling land tenure policy at local, national and regional levels.
- Legally regulate and support seasonal livestock mobility and temporary access to key natural resources within and between countries.
- Improve rural infrastructure and market acces, to enable pastoralists to benefit from regional and international commodity-based trade .
- Improve response to food emergency crises, including protection of a core breeding stock and early market-based interventions such as commercial destocking and credit provision.
- Provide complementary and alternative livelihoods, in processing and marketing, production and sale of fodder and other natural products, community-based tourism.
- Connect to the pastoralists’ own organizing and innovating capacities.